The following are preliminary lists of resources relevant to the Means of Production evaluation project. [The initial literature review for was conducted very early in the study; at that time, it focused primarily on the concept of “shared platforms” and other, similar collaborative models.]

These lists, last updated June 2016, will continue to grow as the project progresses. We welcome the community’s suggestions and additions.

Reports, Articles, Books and Other Materials

Wherever possible, a link to the actual resource (or its source) is available within the citation. 

Beene, Melanie. “Fiscal Sponsorship is Maturing as a Field.” GIA Reader. Vol. 21, No. 3. Seattle: Grantmakers in the Arts: 2010. Web.

Brown, Alan S., Jennifer L. Novak and Amy Kitchener. Cultural Engagement in California’s Inland Regions: With Implications for Cultural Service Providers and Funders. San Francisco: WolfBrown and the James Irvine Foundation, 2008. Print.

Brown, Alan S. and Jennifer L. Novak-Leonard, with Shelly Gilbride. Getting In On the Act: How arts groups are creating opportunities for active participation. San Francisco: WolfBrown and the James Irvine Foundation, 2011. Print.

Burnaford, Gail E. “Moving toward a Culture of Evidence: Documentation and Action Research in the Practice of Arts Partnerships“. Arts Education Policy Review. Vol. 108, No. 3 (January/February 2007): 35-40. Print.

Canada Council for the Arts. Public Engagement in the Arts. Discussion Paper. 2012. Print.

Cardinal, Donna. “From cultural concerns to community action (Cultural Leadership Development Project)”. Canadian Theatre Review, 81 (1994): 45-48. Print.

Cefola, Jackie. Shared Services and Space. Boston MA: Third Sector New England. [unknown date]. Web.

Chong, Derrick. “Re-readings in arts management”. Journal of Arts Management, Law, and Society. Vol. 29, No. 4 (Winter 2000): 290-303. Print.

Colvin, Gregory L. Fiscal Sponsorship: 6 Ways To Do It Right. San Francisco: Study Centre Press, 1993. Print.

Cutaya, Michaële and Marianne O’Kane-Boal. “New models of collaboration”. Irish Arts Review. Vol. 30, No. 1 (Spring 2013): 82-87. Print.

Dance NYC. State of NYC Dance: Discovering Fiscally Sponsored NYC Dancemakers. 2012. Print.

Dower, David. The Scarcity Matrix. HowlRound. 23 April 2014. Web.

Dunning, Anne, and Nello McDaniel. Emergent Phenomena: A Report on Theatres Leading Change New York. Rep. Ed. Catherine Holecko. New York: Arts Action Research, 2011. Print.

Dunning, Anne, and Nello McDaniel. The Emerging Narratives in the Arts. Rep. Ed. Catherine Holecko. Arts Action Research, 2012. Print.

Dunning, Anne, Jane Marsland and Nello McDaniel. Seizing Permission: The TLC [Theatres Leading Change] Toronto Initiative. Toronto: Toronto Alliance for the Performing Arts, 2014. Print.

Evans, Richard. Innovate to Thrive: The 2010 Denver Cultural Forum Address. Denver, CO. 14 January 2010.

Evans, Richard. Entering upon Novelty: Policy and Funding Issues for a New Era in the Arts. GIA Reader. Vol. 21, No. 3. Seattle: Grantmakers in the Arts, 2010. Print.

Evans, Richard. “Building a Resilient Sector: An Attempt to Debunk Myths around Innovation and Identify How Grantmakers Can Support Adaptive Change.” GIA Reader. 3rd ed. Vol. 24. Seattle: Grantmakers in the Arts, 2013. Print.

Foster, Ken. Thriving in an Uncertain World: Arts Presenting, Change and the New Realities. Washington, DC: Association of Performing Arts Presenters, 2010. Print.

Gates, Leslie. “Professional Development: Through Collaborative Inquiry for an Art Education Archipelago”. Studies in Art Education. Vol. 52, No. 1 (Fall 2010): 6-17. Print.

Green, Rick, Jaclyn Kvaternik, and India Alarcon. Fiscal Sponsor Field Scan: Understanding Current Needs and Practices. White Paper. San Francisco: Tides Center, 2006. Print.

Grieve, James and George Perrin. Team dreams: how can theatremakers collaborate? (After the Arts Council cuts, it’s clear the future lies in partnerships – but how do we make it happen?) The Guardian Theatre Blog. 06 April 2011. Web.

Harvey, Jocelyn. “Toward a Culture of Shared Resources: Building an Environment for the Long-Term Sustainability of the Arts: The Arts in Transition Project”. International Journal of Arts Management. Vol. 1, No. 2 (Winter 1999): 40-47. Print.

Ingram, Wayne. Theatre companies as social enterprises: If more of us become social enterprises, arts organisations could become less fragmented and less reliant on public funding. The Guardian Sustainable Business Social Enterprise Blog. 20 September 2012. Web.

Jain, Ravi. Collaborative ProducingCanadian Theatre Review. Volume 163 (Summer 2015). Print.

Jurbala, Paul. Good Forms: The New Shapes of Not-For-Profit Organizations. The Philanthropist. Vol. 24, No. 4. November 2012. Print.

Kania, John and Mark Kramer. Nonprofit Management: Collective Impact. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Stanford, California. Winter 2011. Print.

Kasper, Gabriel and Stephanie Clohesy. Intentional Innovation: How Getting More Systematic about Innovation Could Improve Philanthropy and Increase Social Impact. Battle Creek, MI: W. K. Kellogg Foundation. August 2008. Print.

Krivkovich, Alexis, and Jill Kauffman Johnson, and Carin D’Oliva. Fiscal Sponsorship: The State of a Growing Service. San Francisco: Trust for Conservation Innovation, 2003. Print.

Latitudes contemporaines and ONDA – French Office for the Performing Arts Circulation. The ONDA Report: What role for producing organizations in the field of performing arts in Europe? / Le Cahiers de l’ONDA: Quel role pour les bureau de production dans le domaine du spectacle vivant en Europe? Summary of the European meeting, 11-12 June 2010 / Synthèse des rencontres européennes, 11-12 juin 2010. 2010. Print.

Lawrence, Deirdre. “New York Art Resources Consortium: A Model for Collaboration”. Art Documentation: Journal of the Art Libraries Society of North America. Vol. 28, No. 2 (Fall 2009): 61-63. Print.

Litzenberger, Shannon. Choreographing our Future: Strategies for supporting next generation arts practice. Toronto: Metcalf Foundation, 2013. Print.

Louloudes, Virginia P. Theatres for the 21st Century: A Report on Sustainable Business Models for New York City’s Off and Off Off Broadway Theatres. Report Ed. Faye Haun. [unknown date]. Print.

Marsland, Jane. Shared Platforms and Charitable Venture Organizations: A Powerful Possibility for a More Resilient Arts Sector. Toronto: Metcalf Foundation, 2013. Print.

Marsland, Jane. Thinking Collaboratively – Acting Collectively: Creating a Collaborative Learning Community for Indigenous and Ethno-Racial Artists in Ontario. Toronto: Cultural Pluralism in the Arts Movement Ontario (CPAMO), 2015. Web.

Marsland, Jane, and George Krump. The Changing Theatre Landscape: New Models in Use by Theatre Artists, Groups and Organizations. Rep. Canadian Public Arts Funders (CPAF) Network, 2014. Web.

Mason, Lucy. Producers’ Hub for Performing Artists: A Creative Futures Feasibility Study for Creative Scotland. Edinburgh, Scotland: Creative Scotland. March 2012. Print.

McIsaac, Elizabeth and Carrie Moody. Sector Signal: A Platform for Change. Toronto: Mowat NFP. September 2013. Print.

McIsaac, Elizabeth, Stella Park and Lynne Toupin. Shaping the Future: Leadership in Ontario’s Nonprofit Labour Force, Summary of Findings. ONN Human Capital Renewal Strategy: Phase One. Toronto: Ontario Nonprofit Network and The Mowat Centre. 2013. Print.

Mission Models Money. Towards a healthy ecology of arts and culture. London, England: Mission Models Money, May 2007. Print.

Mt. Auburn Associates. Measuring Collaboration: The Benefits and Impacts of Nonprofit Centers. San Francisco: The Nonprofit Centers Network/Tides, 2011. Print.

National Network of Fiscal Sponsors. Guidelines for Comprehensive Fiscal Sponsorship. San Francisco: Tides, 2010. Print.

Nelson, Susan. Getting Beyond Breakeven: A Review of Capitalization Needs and Challenges of Philadelphia-Area Arts and Culture Organizations. Philadelphia, PA: The Pew Charitable Trust and the William Penn Foundation, 2009. Print.

Novick, Rebecca.  Please, Don’t Start a Theater Company! Next-Generation Arts Institutions and Alternative Career Paths. GIA Reader. Vol. 22, No. 1 (Spring 2011). Seattle: Grantmakers in the Arts. Web.

O’Connell, Sharon. “Building creative assets within the cultural sector”. Journal of Arts Management, Law, and Society. Vol. 29, No. 2 (Summer 1999): 101-106. Print.

Ontario Nonprofit Network. Shared Platform Guidebook. Toronto: Ontario Nonprofit Network, 2016. PDF.

Paul G. Allen Family Foundation and Helicon Collaborative. Bright Spots Leadership in the Pacific Northwest. Seattle: Paul G. Allen Family Foundation, February 2012. Print.

Phen, Roxanne. The Future of Philanthropy: Hybrid Social Ventures. Thesis. Claremont McKenna College, Claremont CA. 2010. Print.

Ragsdale, Diane. Are We a Sector Defined by our Permanently Failing Organizations? Jumper, An ArtsJournal Blog. 30 July 2012. Web.

Ragsdale, Diane. Innovation to What End? Jumper, An ArtsJournal Blog. 06 January, 2014. Web.

Ragsdale, Diane. On Organizations Evolving when Short-term Coping Mechanisms become the New Way of Doing Business. Jumper, An ArtsJournal Blog. 30 April 2013. Web.

Ramsundarsingh, Susan. A Survey of Fiscal Sponsorship Practice in Calgary. Discussion Paper. Calgary AB: United Way of Calgary and Area, 2009. Print.

Rosenberg, Roberta. The Unique Role of Nonprofits: The Case for Independence and Interdependence. Boston MA: Third Sector New England, 05 May 2015. Web.

Saint-Pierre, D. and M. Gattinger. Les politiques culturelles du Québec et des provinces canadiennes : sources d’influence, approches divergentes et pratiques convergentes. Colloque 50 ans d’action publique en matière de culture. Montreal QC: HÉC, April 2011. Print.

Sattely, Joshua. A White Paper: On Comprehensive Sponsorship. White Paper. Boston MA: Third Sector New England, 2009. Print.

Shergold, Peter. New Models New Money: A Foundation for the Artist. Proposal. Brisbane, Australia: Centre for Social Impact, 2011. Print.

Shupac, Jodie. Helping new nonprofits hatch: Incubation in the not-for-profit sector. Charity Village. 25 June 2014. Web.

Skinner, Ana, Phyllis Novak, Christa Romaldi and Violetta Ilkiw. Moving From Trustee to TRUSTing Collaborations: Shared Platforms strengthen capacity of grassroots, community driven and collaborative work to create a vibrant inclusive and engaged Toronto. Toronto: Shared Platforms Research Group, 2012. Print.

Spack, Jonathan. Nonprofit Merger Alternatives: Fiscal Sponsorship. Boston MA: Third Sector New England, [unknown date]. Web.

Spack, Jonathan. How Fiscal Sponsorship Nurtures Nonprofits. Boston, MA: Third Sector New England, 2005. Print.

Stevens, David and Margaret Mason. Tides Canada Initiatives Society: Charitable Venture Organizations: A New Infrastructure Model for Canadian Registered Charities. The Philanthropist. Vol. 23, No. 2 (2010). Print.

Stolk, Jini. Finding your balance on a new platform. Creative Trust Research Fellowship Blog. 03 September 2013. Web.

Stolk, Jini. Supporting the next generation with generosity and shared purpose. Creative Trust Research Fellowship Blog. 04 June 2014. Web.

Stolk, Jini. The future of shared platforms. Creative Trust Research Fellowship Blog. 10 February 2015. Web.

Strategic Council, The. TAPA Audience Survey: Attendance and Engagement with Arts and Cultural Activities in Toronto. Toronto: Toronto Alliance for the Performing Arts, November 2013. Print.

Struthers, Marilyn. Supporting Financial Vibrancy in the Quest for Sustainability in the Not-For-Profit Sector. The Philanthropist. Vol. 19, No. 4. December 2004. Print.

Tannahill, Jordan. Theatre of the Unimpressed: In Search of Vital Drama. Toronto: Coach House Books, 2015. Print.

Tepper, Steven J. and Bill Ivey, eds. Engaging Art: The Next Great Transformation of America’s Cultural Life. New York: Routledge, 2007. Print.

Thomas, Rebecca and Rodney Christopher with Holly Sidford of Helicon Collaborative. Case for Change Capital in the Arts. New York: Nonprofit Finance Fund, 2011. Print.

Trust for Conservation Innovation. Fiscal Sponsorship: The State of A Growing Service. San Franscisco: Trust for Conservation Innovation, 2003. Print.

Turner, Shiloh, Kathy Merchant, John Kania and Ellen Martin. Understanding the value of backbone organizations in Collective Impact: Parts 1 – 4. Stanford Social Innovation Review. 17 July 2012. Web.

Walters, Scott.  Business Model: The Next Frontier. The Clyde Fitch Report. 04 June 2013. Web.

Wheeler, Michael and Ravi Jain. Synthesis. Canadian Theatre Review. Volume 150 (Spring 2012): 84-85. Print.

Wheeler, Michael. STAF’s Open Source Brainstorm: Notes from the breakout sessions on January 26th 2015 @ Theatre Centre. Toronto: STAF, 2015. Web.

Wheeler, Michael. “What Exactly Is a Shared Platform?#CdnCult Times. 2nd ed. Vol. 5. Toronto: SpiderWebShow. 12 May 2015. Web.

Where Next BC. Vimeo Channel. Talks at Where Next BC meeting. Vancouver, BC. 14-15 March 2014. Web.

Wright, Leslie. Context and Background To Tides Canada Initiatives/Novita Interpares. The Philanthropist. Vol. 23, No. 2 (2010). Print.

Yarden, Guy and Sarah Maxfield. Collective Insourcing: A Systemic Approach to Nonprofit Arts Management. Report [unknown publisher / city]. 2011. Print.

Shared Platform / Incubation Examples

An evolving, clickable list of organizations and initiatives involved in various types of “shared platform”-related work in (or including) the arts:

13P (Thirteen Playwrights Inc.)
Center for Cultural Innovation
Creative Capital
Dance Enterprise Hub (East London Dance)
Dance Umbrella of Ontario (DUO)
Diagramme – gestion culturelle
The Field
Fractured Atlas
Generator (formerly STAF – Small Theatre Administrative Facility)
Intersection for the Arts
New York Foundations for the Arts
ON THE BOARDS staging company
Peculiar Works Project
Platform A
RISER Project (Why Not Theatre)
SMart Model / Modèle SMart

Country-specific versions of the SMart Model:
The Netherlands

Springboard for the Arts
Tides Canada

We welcome the community’s suggestions and additions.